Knee Arthroscopy

Endoscopic surgery of joints is known as Arthroscopy. A telescope is inserted in the joint and the joint structures are visualised. The problem is identified and sorted out without cutting open the joint.

Main Indication for Arthroscopy

Meniscal Tears
Ligament Injuries
Early Osteoarthritis
Patellofemoral Arthritis

Common symptoms of knee problems


Injuries to the joint and early arthritic conditions are the main indications for arthroscopic surgery.

Torn cartilages can be smoothened, excised or repaired, ligaments reconstructed, joint surfaces smoothened, loose bodies removed, joint swellings removed and biopsied and fractures fixed.

Arthroscopies can be performed under general, local or regional anesthesia. The speciality of is arthroscopy under local anesthesia. Local anesthesia with added sedation can make arthroscopy a safe procedure.

After anesthesia is administered, a telescope is inserted in the joint. The joint is inflated with saline and illuminated with cold light. The joint structures are picked up by a sophisticated camera and seen on a TV monitor. The problem is first identified and then tackled with micro surgical instruments.

The Patient is allowed to move the knee immediately and exercises are instituted. Walking is permitted on the same day in most of the cases.

The procedure is minor as far as the patient is concerned. Admission to hospital is not needed and the patient can be sent home in a few hours after the procedure. Sportsmen can return to sporting activity very soon. There are very few complications recorded after arthroscopy.

Infection is a possible complication after any surgery, complications related to anesthesia could also result. With attention to detail and proper patient evaluation these can be minimised or even eliminated.